The context

Haiti is one of the lowest countries in the world in terms of convictions per acts of sexual exploitation. In Haiti recurrent socio-economic, climatic and political shocks, as well as structural poverty worsen an environment where children’s rights to be safe from violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation are challenged. This is largely a result of the "restavek" epidemic in which impoverished families who can’t afford to support their kids often send them to live with and work for another family. These "restaveks" are typically either bought and sold to work or are sent to orphanages so the traffickers can benefit the international adoption trade. 25 percent of Haitian children are separated from their biological parents and live either in informal foster care or with persons they have no family ties to or in institutions (UNICEF). Regarding children placed in institutions, the care system in Haiti is predominantly based on a residential-care model with more than 750 privately-run and unregulated institutions hosting an estimated 30,000 children of which 80 percent are not orphans (UNICEF). 

Over 200,000 children are domestic workers working in unacceptable forms of child labor in Haiti. The global slavery index ranked Haiti number two in the world in prevalence of modern slavery by population.. In June 2016, the U.S. State Department trafficking in persons report downgraded Haiti to its lowest watchlist category. A third of young women and a fourth of young men aged 13-24 experienced multiple types of violence prior to turning 18 (Violence Against Children).